Caribbean Monk Seal – Extinct 1952

The Caribbean Monk Seal was also known as the West Indian Monk Seal or Sea Wolf. The first Europeans to see them in August 1494 were Christopher Columbus and his crew when their ship laid anchor off the island of Alta Velo. Their population size, prior to exploitation by Europeans and overfishing, as at the early 17th Century has been estimated at something over a quarter of a million distributed over 13 breeding colonies each 300km apart.

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Malta – Pollution and Dead Zones, But Who Gives a Damn

By far the most fundamental division within humanity is between people who give a damn and people who do not. In Malta, for example, the few give a damn and the many do not. We are following the pied piper’s tune of unrestrained economic growth, wild consumerism, high-rise buildings, anything goes …

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Megafauna Extinctions and the Human Insanity Gene

Megafauna are big animals. Elephants and rhinoceros are megafauna, as are giraffes, whales, cows, deer, tigers, and even humans. The mass extinction of megafauna took place in bursts and started forty thousand years ago in Australia. The second burst was about fifteen thousand years ago in North and South America.

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The Moa Lived in Aotearoa and Became Extinct in 1445

For millions of years, nine species of large, flightless birds known as Moas thrived on the islands today known as New Zealand (Aotearoa). The evolutionary lineage of these Moas dates back sixty million years. The Moa fed on twigs and plants. The Moas had one main predator and that was the …

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Wild habitat – people who destroy it are amoral, not evil

It is difficult to estimate the time to extinction of a species or a population. This is partly due to a time lag between degradation of a wild habitat to the point that it no longer supports a species and the actual death of the last member of that species.

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Biodiversity – Habitat Diversity and Size Matter

Marine biodiversity, and ocean coral reefs in particular, are threatened by acidification, illegal fishing, legal overfishing, agricultural runoff, the spread of algae, excessive silt flowing in the seas and oceans caused by deforestation and dynamite fishing. In fact most of marine life will …

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Passenger Pigeon Lived in North America – Extinct 1914

The passenger pigeon flew with grace, speed, and agility. The bird had a small head and neck. The tail was elongated and wedge-shaped. The wingspan was broad and the wings were pointed and powered by large breast muscles that gave it capability for prolonged flight. The average length of the male was …

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Anthropocene Epoch: The Age of Humans

Dutch chemist, Paul Crutzen popularised the term Anthropocene, the Age of Humans, that represent this human dominated geological epoch. His argument was based on the facts, 18 years ago, that human activity had transformed between a third and a half of the land surface area of the planet.

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The Great Auk Extinction Story – Extinct in 1844

The Great Auk was eighty centimetres tall, weighed around five kilos and looked like a large penguin. They spent most of their lives at sea but returned to land to nest. The great auk was a flightless bird and a fantastic swimmer and lived in the northern hemisphere. This bird ranged from Norway to …

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Sixth Mass Extinction of Life on Earth Caused by Humans

Human activity and exploitation as well as climate change and ocean acidification is causing populations of vertebrate animals and their habitats to crash. The study’s research reveals that this is in fact happening at an accelerated rate. We will soon enter a time period where most of the animal populations will reach unsustainably low numbers segregated in their terminally degraded habitats scattered around the globe.

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